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Transcriptional and Posttranscriptional Control of Cholesterol Homeostasis by Liver X Receptors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21859674     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The liver X receptors (LXRs) are nuclear receptors that play central roles in the transcriptional control of lipid metabolism. LXRs are activated in response to elevated cellular cholesterol levels, allowing them to function as "cholesterol sensors." Once activated, LXRs induce the expression of an array of genes involved in cholesterol absorption, efflux, transport, and excretion. They also inhibit cholesterol uptake by inducing the expression of Idol, an E3 ubiquitin ligase that catalyzes the ubiquitination and degradation of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor. Synthetic LXR agonists promote cholesterol efflux in vivo and inhibit the development of atherosclerosis in animal models. Conversely, loss of LXR expression in mice leads to pathologic lipid accumulation and accelerated atherosclerosis. The ability of LXRs to coordinate cellular and systemic sterol homeostasis makes them potentially attractive targets for intervention in human metabolic disease.
Authors:
P Tontonoz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cold Spring Harbor symposia on quantitative biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1943-4456     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1256107     Medline TA:  Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095.
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