Document Detail


Transcranial magnetic stimulation: the method and application.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17090978     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a noninvasive method for stimulation of brain that is based on the ability of magnetic field to penetrate skull and brain meninges, subsequently inducing electric current in the brain tissues that produces neuronal depolarization and generation of action potentials. Moreover, transcranial magnetic stimulation has effects on neurochemical and synaptic processes in neurons. Due to its easy use and relatively fair side effects, nowadays, transcranial magnetic stimulation is widely used in neurosciences and medicine. The main areas of transcranial magnetic stimulation application are: 1) the investigation of cortical and spinal excitability, 2) the investigation of neuronal plasticity, 3) the investigation of neuronal connectivity, 4) functional mapping, and 5) the treatment of some neurological and psychiatric disorders. Transcranial magnetic stimulation alone or in combination with other noninvasive neuroimaging (PET--positron emission topography, MRI--magnetic resonance imaging) and neurofunctional (EEG--electroencephalography, ERP--event-related potentials, fMRI--functional magnetic resonance imaging) methods allows conducting research on brain functions. Thus, transcranial magnetic stimulation is suitable as a diagnostic tool in neurologic and neuropsychiatric brain research.
Authors:
Inga Griskova; Jacqueline Höppner; Osvaldas Ruksenas; Kastytis Dapsys
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania)     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1648-9144     ISO Abbreviation:  Medicina (Kaunas)     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-08     Completed Date:  2006-12-18     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9425208     Medline TA:  Medicina (Kaunas)     Country:  Lithuania    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  798-804     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Vilnius University, M. K. Ciurlionio 21, 03101 Vilnius, Lithuania. inga.griskova@gf.vu.lt
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Action Potentials
Brain / metabolism,  physiology*,  radionuclide imaging
Brain Mapping
Cerebral Cortex / physiology
Cerebrovascular Circulation
Clinical Trials as Topic
Depression / therapy
Electroconvulsive Therapy
Electroencephalography
Epilepsy / therapy*
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Mental Disorders / therapy*
Neuronal Plasticity
Neurotransmitter Agents / metabolism
Positron-Emission Tomography
Receptors, Neurotransmitter / metabolism
Research
Safety
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation* / adverse effects,  instrumentation,  methods,  utilization
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Neurotransmitter Agents; 0/Receptors, Neurotransmitter

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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