Document Detail

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Improves Swallowing Function in Stroke Patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23392916     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Poststroke dysphagia can persist, leading to many complications. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether noninvasive brain stimulation to the pharyngeal motor cortex combined with intensive swallowing therapy can improve dysphagia. METHODS: A total of 20 patients who had dysphagia for at least 1 month after stroke were randomly assigned to receive 10 sessions lasting 20 minutes each of either 1-mA anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) or a sham procedure to the ipsilesional pharyngeal motor cortex, along with simultaneous conventional swallowing therapies. We evaluated swallowing function with the Dysphagia Outcome and Severity Scale (DOSS) before, immediately after, and 1 month after the last session. RESULTS: Anodal tDCS resulted in an improvement of 1.4 points in DOSS (P = .006) immediately after the last session and 2.8 points (P = .004) 1 month after the last session. The sham tDCS group improved 0.5 points (P = .059) after the last session and 1.2 points (P = .026) 1 month after the final session. The improvements in the anodal tDCS group were significantly greater than those in the sham tDCS group (P = .029 after the last session, and P = .007 1 month after the last session). CONCLUSIONS: Anodal tDCS to the ipsilesional hemisphere and simultaneous peripheral sensorimotor activities significantly improved swallowing function as assessed by the DOSS.
Takashi Shigematsu; Ichiro Fujishima; Kikuo Ohno
Related Documents :
23217776 - When to start: as soon as possible.
23464756 - A randomized guinea pig study on external cell growth factors after fractional ultrapul...
24973576 - Comparison of pulsed dye laser (pdl) and photodynamic therapy (pdt) for treatment of fa...
23170046 - Strategies for peptic ulcer healing after 1 week proton pump inhibitor-based triple hel...
11186166 - Neurosyphilis presenting as schizophrenialike psychosis.
21413976 - Sensitive troponin and n-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide in stable angina.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurorehabilitation and neural repair     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1552-6844     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurorehabil Neural Repair     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100892086     Medline TA:  Neurorehabil Neural Repair     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
1Hamamatsu City Rehabilitation Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  An accessory limb with lipomyelomeningocele in a male.
Next Document:  Neuronal Restoration Following Ischemic Stroke: Influences, Barriers, and Therapeutic Potential.