Document Detail

Transcatheter closure of ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm using the Amplatzer duct occluder: immediate results and mid-term follow-up.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20829209     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
AIMS: To assess the immediate and mid-term outcome of transcatheter closure (TCC) using the first-generation Amplatzer duct occluder (ADO) in patients with ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SOVA). Ruptured SOVA is a rare cardiac shunt lesion, with scant data about its TCC.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty patients (8 females and 12 males) aged 17-52 years (median 27 years) with ruptured SOVA were selected for TCC. Most (13/20) were in symptomatic NYHA class III or IV. Three had previous cardiac surgeries. Associated defects were bicuspid aortic valve in one, trivial pre-existing aortic regurgitation (AR) in five, coarctation of the aorta in one, and secundum atrial septal defect in one. Patients with co-existing ventricular septal defect or significant AR requiring surgery were excluded. Echocardiography revealed ruptured SOVA from right coronary sinus to right atrium (RA) in 4 and right ventricular (RV) outflow in 5, whereas non-coronary sinus ruptured into RA in 10 and RV inflow in 1. At cardiac catheterization, the defect was 4-11 mm (median 9 mm) at its aortic end as measured by online transoesophageal echocardiography or angiography. The Q(p)/Q(s) ratio ranged from 1.5 to 3.2 (mean 2.32 ± 0.53). In all patients, the defect was closed from the venous side, using ADOs 2-4 mm larger than the aortic end of the defect. The ADO sizes ranged from 8/6 to 16/14 mm (median 13/11 mm). The procedure was successful in 18 out of 20 patients (90%). Of these 18, 13 had a complete closure at discharge. Five had a residual shunt (four small and one moderate with self-abating haemolysis). Trivial AR occurred in four. On a median follow-up of 24 months (range 1-60 months), 15 patients were in NYHA class I and 3 in class II. The residual shunt disappeared in three and was small in two; procedure-related AR vanished in two of four. There was no AR progression, recurrence, infective endocarditis, or device embolization.
CONCLUSION: In appropriately selected patients with ruptured SOVA, TCC is an attractive alternative to surgery with encouraging short- and mid-term outcomes.
Prafulla G Kerkar; Charan P Lanjewar; Nidheesh Mishra; Prasanna Nyayadhish; Isaac Mammen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  European heart journal     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1522-9645     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. Heart J.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006263     Medline TA:  Eur Heart J     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2881-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiology, KEM Hospital, E. Borges Road, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400 012, India.
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