Document Detail

Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect by "buttoned" devices.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1561978     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
During a 21-month period ending in August 1991, 12 patients underwent transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) with a "buttoned" device through an 8Fr sheath, using an institutional review board-approved, custom-made device protocol initially, and Food and Drug Administration-approved clinical trials subsequently. Ten children had left-to-right shunts across the ASD and 2 adults had their patent foramen ovale closed to prevent recurrent paradoxical embolism (including cerebrovascular accidents). The device dislodged in 1 of the 4 patients in whom a first-generation device was used, and retrieval of the device, and surgical closure of the ASD were performed without incident. In the remaining 11 patients (age range 7 months to 45 years, weight 3.6 to 64 kg), the device remained intact, and pulmonary-to-systemic flow ratio decreased from 2.1 +/- 0.3 to 1.04 +/- 0.06. Follow-up chest x-ray and echo-Doppler studies were available in all patients 0.5 to 18 months after the procedure. The device was intact in all patients. Small residual shunt detected by color Doppler was seen in 2 children. Right ventricular size decreased (23 +/- 6 to 17 +/- 3 mm; p less than 0.01), and paradoxical septal motion disappeared in all patients. There was no recurrence of paradoxical embolism in the 2 adults. No complications occurred during follow-up. It is concluded that transcatheter closure of ASD with the buttoned device is feasible, effective and safe, and can be accomplished with small, 8Fr sheaths (even in infants weighing 3.6 kg), follow-up results are excellent, and clinical trials on a larger number of patients are needed.
P S Rao; A D Wilson; P S Chopra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0002-9149     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1992 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-05-08     Completed Date:  1992-05-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1056-61     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Heart Catheterization / instrumentation*,  methods
Heart Septal Defects, Atrial / therapy*,  ultrasonography
Middle Aged
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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