Document Detail

Transaminase levels in ventilated children with respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15024569     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To compare disease severity as judged by duration of ventilation, inotrope use and mortality in children ventilated for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-positive lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) with and without elevated transaminase levels and to determine the aetiology of elevated transaminase levels in this patient group. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Twenty-two-bed Paediatric Intensive Care Unit. PATIENTS: Forty-eight ventilated children with RSV-positive LRTI. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels were measured daily. In patients with elevated transaminase levels infection with the following viruses was investigated: hepatitis A, B and C viruses, cytomegalovirus, Epstein Barr virus, adenovirus, influenza virus, and parainfluenza viruses (types I, II, and III). Elevated transaminase levels were detected in 22 (46%) patients. The duration of mechanical ventilation (geometric mean; 95% CI) was significantly ( P<0.05) longer in the group with elevated transaminase levels: 10.6 (9.4; 11.7) days versus 3.5 (2.8; 4.2) days. This difference remained significant in patients without congenital heart disease. Inotrope use was more common and all deaths occurred in the group with elevated transaminase levels ( P<0.05). All patients who died and all but two patients with inotrope requirements had underlying congenital heart disease. One patient with elevated transaminase levels had a simultaneous infection with influenza A virus. CONCLUSIONS: RSV disease in ventilated children was more severe if transaminase levels were elevated. Transaminase level elevation was due to hepatitis in the majority of patients. In patients with congenital heart disease we also detected myocardial involvement.
Michael Eisenhut; Kentigern Thorburn; Tageldin Ahmed
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2004-03-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Intensive care medicine     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0342-4642     ISO Abbreviation:  Intensive Care Med     Publication Date:  2004 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-05-05     Completed Date:  2004-09-14     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704851     Medline TA:  Intensive Care Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  931-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Liverpool Children's NHS Trust Alder Hey, Eaton Road, Liverpool L12 2AP, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Alanine Transaminase / blood*
Aspartate Aminotransferases / blood*
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Gestational Age
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
Prospective Studies
Respiration, Artificial*
Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human / pathogenicity*
Respiratory Tract Infections / enzymology*,  therapy,  virology
Severity of Illness Index
Reg. No./Substance:
EC Aminotransferases; EC Transaminase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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