Document Detail

Transabdominal high-intensity focused ultrasound therapy of the prostate and determination of the protective effect of rectal cooling: an experimental study using canine prostates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23887952     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to report our initial experience with transabdominal high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) therapy of the canine prostate and to determine the protective effect of rectal cooling during HIFU therapy. Methods- Fifteen male dogs underwent transabdominal HIFU therapy of the prostate. Transabdominal HIFU was performed on 9 dogs without using a rectal cooling device, and the remaining 6 dogs underwent transabdominal HIFU with introduction of the rectal cooling device. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed before, immediately after, and 1 week after the HIFU procedure. Rectal changes on MRI were classified into 4 grades (grades 0-3), and a comparison of the rectal change grades on MRI between the two groups was performed with the Mann-Whitney U test. Results- The procedure failed for the first dog because of inadequate skin preparation. Of the remaining 14 dogs (8 without rectal cooling and 6 with rectal cooling), 4 showed focal signal changes in the prostate. The average rectal change grades on immediate postprocedural MRI were 2.63 for the non-rectal cooling group and 1.17 for the rectal cooling group (P = .0216). On 1-week follow-up MRI, the average grades were 1.20 for the non-rectal cooling group and 0.33 for the rectal cooling group (P = .1956). Conclusions- Transabdominal HIFU of the canine prostate was technically feasible, but the effect was limited because of anatomic and physiologic factors of the canine prostate. The rectal cooling device seems to have a protective effect on the rectum during the transabdominal HIFU procedure.
Dong Hyun Yoo; Jeong Yeon Cho; Cheol Kwak; Jae Young Lee; Kyung Chul Moon; Seung Hyup Kim
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1550-9613     ISO Abbreviation:  J Ultrasound Med     Publication Date:  2013 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211547     Medline TA:  J Ultrasound Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1419-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, 28 Yeongon-dong, Jongno-gu, Seoul 110-744, Korea.
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