Document Detail

Trans fatty acids enhance amyloidogenic processing of the Alzheimer amyloid precursor protein (APP).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22209004     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Hydrogenation of oils and diary products of ruminant animals leads to an increasing amount of trans fatty acids in the human diet. Trans fatty acids are incorporated in several lipids and accumulate in the membrane of cells. Here we systematically investigate whether the regulated intramembrane proteolysis of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) is affected by trans fatty acids compared to the cis conformation. Our experiments clearly show that trans fatty acids compared to cis fatty acids increase amyloidogenic and decrease nonamyloidogenic processing of APP, resulting in an increased production of amyloid beta (Aβ) peptides, main components of senile plaques, which are a characteristic neuropathological hallmark for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Moreover, our results show that oligomerization and aggregation of Aβ are increased by trans fatty acids. The mechanisms identified by this in vitro study suggest that the intake of trans fatty acids potentially increases the AD risk or causes an earlier onset of the disease.
Marcus O W Grimm; Tatjana L Rothhaar; Sven Grösgen; Verena K Burg; Benjamin Hundsdörfer; Viola J Haupenthal; Petra Friess; Stefan Kins; Heike S Grimm; Tobias Hartmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutritional biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-4847     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9010081     Medline TA:  J Nutr Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Deutsches Institut für DemenzPrävention (DIDP), Neurodegeneration and Neurobiology, 66421 Homburg, Germany.
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