Document Detail

Training to reduce postural sway and increase functional reach in the elderly.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11826729     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Poor balance is one of the most common risk factors for falling, a common cause of work-related injury and death. To evaluate the effects of a 10-week intervention program on balance in older adults, 12 participants aged 61-77 years (age = 70.4 +/- 5.4 years; mean +/- SD) completed an exercise program (60 min, 2 days.week-1 for 10 weeks) performed while laying/sitting on large air-filled exercise balls (Thera-Band). Several postural sway composite scores (determined while standing with feet apart and semitandem, eyes open and closed) improved (p < or = 0.05) including medial-lateral amplitude and speed of sway (reduced by approximately 9%), and instantaneous speed (reduced by approximately 13%). Reductions in XY area approached (p = 0.06) statistical significance and anterior-posterior amplitude and speed of sway did not change. Functional reach also improved (20.3%). These results suggest that challenging the physiological systems involved in balance control while on the nonstable support surface of the exercise balls improves both static and dynamic balance in older adults and may reduce the risk for falling.
M E Rogers; J E Fernandez; R M Bohlken
Related Documents :
16755139 - Age-related reduction of systemic arterial compliance induces excessive myocardial oxyg...
3912049 - Exercise testing and training of the elderly patient.
21055889 - Core self-evaluation as a predictor of strength training adoption in older adults.
17578939 - Long-term locomotor training for gait and balance in a patient with mixed progressive s...
17164159 - Treatment of minor depression in older adults: a pilot study comparing sertraline and e...
8668629 - Peripheral neuropathy: an often-overlooked cause of falls in the elderly.
24134239 - Automatic optimization of resting and exercise atrioventricular interval using a peak e...
10399999 - Effects of medical therapy on outcome assessment using exercise thallium-201 single pho...
10409569 - Chronic and acute exercise do not alter ca2+ regulatory systems and ectonucleotidase ac...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of occupational rehabilitation     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1053-0487     ISO Abbreviation:  J Occup Rehabil     Publication Date:  2001 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-02-05     Completed Date:  2002-07-16     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9202814     Medline TA:  J Occup Rehabil     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  291-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center for Physical Activity and Aging, Department of Kinesiology and Sport Studies, 110 Heskett Center, Wichita State University, Wichita, Kansas 67260-0016, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Accidental Falls / prevention & control*
Accidents, Occupational / prevention & control*
Middle Aged
Physical Education and Training / methods*
Postural Balance*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Performance reduction in finger amputees when reaching and operating common control devices: a pilot...
Next Document:  Workplace disability management in postpolio syndrome.