Document Detail


Training techniques to improve fatigue resistance and enhance endurance performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9232558     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Despite their best efforts, sports scientists have found it difficult to persuade elite athletes to experiment with their training regimens. Thus, until recently, exercise physiologists have had limited impact on the training practices of successful athletes, with most of the innovations in the training patterns of the best athletes coming from the empirical observations of top-level coaches. One form of training recognized by sports scientists and used by athletes for several decades in interval/transition training. Such training consists of a number of exercise bouts alternated with short rest intervals of more slowly paced activity and is thought to improve the fatigue resistance of the active muscles by exposing them to sustained, high-intensity exercise at the athlete's maximal steady-state pace. Few scientific studies, however, have examined the effects of transition training on the performances of competitive athletes. This paper identifies the physiological factors associated with successful endurance performance, and summarizes the results of investigations on competitive endurance cyclists which examined the time-course of changes in performance in response to a sustained, high-intensity interval training programme.
Authors:
J A Hawley; K H Myburgh; T D Noakes; S C Dennis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of sports sciences     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0264-0414     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sports Sci     Publication Date:  1997 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-09-09     Completed Date:  1997-09-09     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8405364     Medline TA:  J Sports Sci     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  325-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
MRC/UCT Bioenergetics of Exercise Research Unit, University of Cape Town Medical School, Sports Science, Institute of South Africa, Newlands, South Africa.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Bicycling / physiology*
Carbohydrate Metabolism
Energy Metabolism
Fatigue / prevention & control*
Humans
Lactic Acid / blood
Male
Muscle, Skeletal / enzymology,  metabolism*
Oxidation-Reduction
Physical Endurance / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-21-5/Lactic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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