Document Detail


Training modalities: impact on endurance capacity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20122458     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Endurance athletes demonstrate an exceptional resistance to fatigue when exercising at high intensity. Much research has been devoted to the contribution of aerobic capacity for the economy of endurance performance. Important aspects of the fine-tuning of metabolic processes and power output in the endurance athlete have been overlooked. This review addresses how training paradigms exploit bioenergetic pathways in recruited muscle groups to promote the endurance phenotype. A special focus is laid on the genome-mediated mechanisms that underlie the conditioning of fatigue resistance and aerobic performance by training macrocycles and complements. The available data on work-induced muscle plasticity implies that different biologic strategies are exploited in athletic and untrained populations to boost endurance capacity. Olympic champions are probably endowed with a unique constitution that renders the conditioning of endurance capacity for competition particularly efficient.
Authors:
Martin Flueck; Wouter Eilers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Endocrinology and metabolism clinics of North America     Volume:  39     ISSN:  1558-4410     ISO Abbreviation:  Endocrinol. Metab. Clin. North Am.     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-03     Completed Date:  2010-04-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8800104     Medline TA:  Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  183-200, xi     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK. m.flueck@mmu.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adenosine Triphosphate
Athletic Performance / physiology
Diet
Energy Metabolism
Exercise / physiology*
Fatigue / classification
Fatty Acids / metabolism
Gene Expression
Humans
Muscle Proteins / biosynthesis,  genetics,  metabolism
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Endurance / genetics,  physiology*
Physical Fitness / physiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids; 0/Muscle Proteins; 56-65-5/Adenosine Triphosphate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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