Document Detail


Traditional food consumption and nutritional status of Dalit mothers in rural Andhra Pradesh, South India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16721395     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To describe prevalence of malnutrition and their correlates of nutrient and traditional food consumption in rural Dalit mothers. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study, we used socio-cultural questionnaires, anthropometric measurements and clinical eye examinations during the rainy season in 2003. Food frequency questionnaires and 24-h recalls were conducted during both summer and rainy seasons. SETTING: Dalit mothers with young children were recruited from 37 villages in the Medak District of rural Andhra Pradesh, India. SUBJECTS: Dalit mothers (n = 220) participated. RESULTS:The prevalence of chronic energy-deficient (CED) mothers (body mass index <18.5 kg/m2) was 58%. Illiterate women and active women were more likely to have CED than those literate and non-active (relative risks (RR) = 1.6 and 1.4, respectively, P < or = 0.05), but literacy and activity level were not significant in multivariable analyses including sanitation and number of children < or =5 years of age. Increasing levels of fat intake, as a percent of total energy, was significantly associated with lower risk of CED (RR of the lowest 25th percentile compared to those in the 75th percentile or above was 1.6, P < or = 0.05), findings that remained significant in multivariable analyses. Consumption of pulses (g/day) was also inversely related to CED in univariate and multivariable analyses. Carbohydrate intake, as a percent of total energy, was inversely related to percent energy from fat (r = -0.96, P < or = 0.01), and, although positively related to CED in univariate analyses, carbohydrate consumption was not significant in multivariable analyses. Mothers' age in years and income was positively related to vitamin A deficiency. CONCLUSIONS: These results confirm that CED and vitamin A malnutrition among Dalit women are predominant problems in this area. Increased consumption of local traditional Dalit food (particularly sorghum, pulses, vegetables and animal source food) should be incorporated as an important component of intervention strategies to improve nutritional status.
Authors:
M A Schmid; G M Egeland; B Salomeyesudas; P V Satheesh; H V Kuhnlein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-05-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  60     ISSN:  0954-3007     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-31     Completed Date:  2007-01-23     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1277-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment, School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, Macdonald Campus of McGill University, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Anthropometry
Cross-Sectional Studies
Educational Status
Energy Intake*
Female
Food Habits*
Humans
India
Malnutrition / epidemiology*
Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Mental Recall
Multivariate Analysis
Nutritional Status*
Parity
Pregnancy
Questionnaires
Risk Factors
Rural Population
Seasons
Thinness / epidemiology
Vitamin A Deficiency / epidemiology*

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