Document Detail


Tracing and analytical results of the dioxin contamination incident in 2008 originating from the Republic of Ireland.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21108094     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
High levels of dioxins (PCDD/Fs) in pork were discovered in France and the Netherlands at the end of 2008. The contamination was rapidly traced back to a feed stock in the Republic of Ireland (RoI). Burning oil, used for the drying of bakery waste, appeared to be contaminated with PCBs. Consequently, very high levels up to 500 pg TEQ g⁻¹ fat were found in pork. The congener pattern clearly pointed to PCB-oil as a source, but the ratio between the non-dioxin-like indicator PCBs (PCBs 28, 52, 101, 138, 152 and 180) and PCDD/Fs was much lower than observed during the Belgian incident, thereby limiting the suitability of indicator PCBs as a marker for the presence of dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs. This paper describes the tracking and tracing of the incident, the public-private cooperation, the surveillance activities and its results. A major lesson to be learned from this incident is the importance of good private food safety systems. In this incident, it was the private surveillance systems that identified the origin of contamination within 10 days after the first signal of increased dioxin levels in a product. On the other hand, retrospective analyses showed that signals were missed that could have led to an earlier detection of the incident and the source. Above all, the incident would not have occurred when food safety assurance systems had been effectively implemented in the involved feed chain. It is discussed that besides primary responsibility for effective private food safety systems, the competent authorities have to supervise whether the food safety procedures are capable of coping with these kinds of complex food safety issues, while private food companies need to implement the law, and public authorities should supervise and enforce them. Finally, it is discussed whether the health risks derived from consumption of the contaminated batches of meat may have been underestimated during the incident due to the unusually high intake of dioxins.
Authors:
L Heres; R Hoogenboom; R Herbes; W Traag; B Urlings
Related Documents :
6814904 - Risk assessment in a federal regulatory agency: an assessment of risk associated with t...
16124294 - Polybrominated diphenyl ethers and hydroxylated and methoxylated brominated and chlorin...
17720214 - Dietary exposure to dioxin-like compounds in three age groups: results from the flemish...
17306864 - Persistent organic pollutants in outmigrant juvenile chinook salmon from the lower colu...
19075834 - Nutraceuticals, nutritional therapy, phytonutrients, and phytotherapy for improvement o...
10967334 - Acute and acclimated digestive responses of the cockle cerastoderma edule (l.) to chang...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1944-0057     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101485040     Medline TA:  Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1733-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
VION Food Group, Son en Breugel, The Netherlands. Lourens.heres@vionfood.com
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Matrix effect on paralytic shellfish toxins quantification and toxicity estimation in mussels expose...
Next Document:  Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry determination of N-nitrosamines released from rubber ...