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Tracheoesophageal displacement index and predictors of airway obstruction for fetuses with neck masses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22244391     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: There are no established selection guidelines to determine which fetuses with giant neck masses may benefit from delivery using an ex utero intrapartum treatment procedure. The purposes of this study were to describe the tracheoesophageal displacement index (TEDI), a novel measurement of fetal airway displacement, and to correlate this measurement and other prenatal findings to the extent of airway obstruction at birth.
METHODS: The medical records of all fetuses with giant neck masses evaluated between 2001 and 2011 were reviewed. At birth, each infant's airway was categorized as uncomplicated or complicated. Prenatal variables were correlated with airway difficulty.
RESULTS: There were 24 fetuses with large neck masses (11 lymphatic malformations, 10 teratomas, 3 others). One fetus died in utero, and 3 underwent pregnancy termination. Variables associated with a complicated airway at birth included polyhydramnios, teratoma diagnosis, and tracheoesophageal displacement index. Tracheoesophageal displacement index greater than 12 correlated strongly with a complicated airway (area under the curve = 0.80). All fetuses classified with an uncomplicated airway (n = 7) had a diagnosis other than teratoma and normal amniotic fluid volume.
CONCLUSION: In fetuses with giant neck masses, the presence of polyhydramnios, teratoma diagnosis, or tracheoesophageal displacement index greater than 12 are predictive of a complicated airway at birth. Our data suggest that fetuses without any of these findings may be delivered safely without an ex utero intrapartum treatment approach.
Authors:
David A Lazar; Christopher I Cassady; Oluyinka O Olutoye; Kenneth J Moise; Anthony Johnson; Timothy C Lee; Darrell L Cass
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric surgery     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1531-5037     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Surg.     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0052631     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  46-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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