Document Detail


Tracheal venous blood and lymph collection: a model to study airway injury in sheep.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2055845     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Airway injury is a frequent result of the inhalation or aspiration of toxic material. Although upper airway damage can be identified endoscopically, pathophysiological changes are difficult to evaluate. This paper describes an animal model in which changes in tracheal blood and lymph flow rates, wet-to-dry weight ratios, and lymph-to-plasma protein ratios can be evaluated after injury. In this model, 12 cm of the cervical trachea were isolated using a double-cuffed endotracheal tube and injured with cotton smoke at near room temperature. Injury to the trachea was evaluated in twenty-five anesthetized sheep 4 (n = 3), 8 (n = 3), 24 (n = 3), 48 (n = 3), 96 (n = 3), and 192 (n = 2) h after smoke exposure and compared with sham control animals (n = 8). A significant increase in tracheal venous blood flow from 1.3 +/- 0.4 (SD) ml.min-1.cm-1 for the noninjured trachea to 2.8 +/- 1.2 was noted 24 h after injury (P less than 0.01). Lymph flow significantly increased from 1.3 +/- 0.4 microliters.min-1.cm-1 for the noninjured trachea to 9.8 +/- 3.3 24 h after injury while wet-to-dry weight ratios were elevated from 3.0 +/- 0.2 for noninjured trachea to 4.6 +/- 0.9 from 4 to 24 h after injury (P less than 0.01) and decreased to 3.7 +/- 0.5 by 96 h. Cast material consisting of airway exudate, cellular debris, and intact ciliated epithelial cells was both expectorated and found in the trachea when the animals were killed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
R E Barrow; S E Morris; H A Linares; D N Herndon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  70     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1991 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-08-01     Completed Date:  1991-08-01     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1645-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Disease Models, Animal
Female
Lymph / physiology
Regional Blood Flow
Sheep
Smoke Inhalation Injury / pathology,  physiopathology*
Trachea / blood supply,  injuries*,  physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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