Document Detail


Trace metal concentrations in water, sediments and fish tissue from Lake Tanganyika.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12462578     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Trace metal (Cu, Pb, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cd) concentrations were determined in water, sediments, various fin fish species and a bivalve (Mutela spekei) from Lake Tanganyika using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Integrated water samples to depths of 10 m were collected using a pre-rinsed flexible plastic pipe. Sediment samples were collected using a ponar mud sampler. Fish samples were obtained using a variety of fishing techniques. No differences in trace metal concentrations were observed in both inshore and offshore waters. Levels in inshore sediments were much higher than for the offshore ones. Sediment input through run-off may have been the cause for the differences. However, the levels were much lower than those reported for Lake Malawi sediments. The concentrations in the fish tissue were within ranges reported elsewhere for Lake Tanganyika fish species. The centrapomid Lates stappersii and the clupeids Limnothrissa miodon and Stolothrissa tanganicae are the most important commercial species in the lake followed by Lates marie. Lead and cadmium are of concern to human health. The mean concentrations of the two metals in the commercial fish species were as follows: L. stappersii (5.03 microg Pb/g, 0.28 microg Cd/g); L. marie (4.96 microg Pb/g, 0.25 microg Cd/g); L. miodon (4.64 microg Pb, 0.38 microg Cd); and S. tanganicae (4.96 microg Pb/g, 0.39 microg Cd/g). Levels of lead and iron in the bivalve species were exceptionally very high, being 11.08 and 6.54 mg/g, respectively.
Authors:
F M M Chale
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Science of the total environment     Volume:  299     ISSN:  0048-9697     ISO Abbreviation:  Sci. Total Environ.     Publication Date:  2002 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-12-03     Completed Date:  2002-12-17     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330500     Medline TA:  Sci Total Environ     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  115-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The Open University of Tanzania, Iringa Regional Centre, P.O. Box 1458, Iringa, Tanzania.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Environmental Monitoring
Fishes*
Food Contamination
Geologic Sediments / chemistry*
Humans
Metals, Heavy / analysis*,  pharmacokinetics
Mollusca
Public Health
Tanzania
Tissue Distribution
Water Pollutants / analysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Metals, Heavy; 0/Water Pollutants

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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