Document Detail


Trace elements and electrolytes in human resting mixed saliva after exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10378074     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Exercise is known to cause changes in the concentration of salivary components such as amylase, Na, and Cl. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of physical exercise on the levels of trace elements and electrolytes in whole (mixed) saliva. METHODS: Forty subjects performed a maximal exercise test on a cycle ergometer. Samples of saliva were obtained before and immediately after the exercise test. Sample concentrations of Fe, Mg, Sc, Cr, Mn, Co, Cu, Zn, Se, Sr, Ag, Sb, Cs, and Hg were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and concentrations of Ca and Na by atomic absorption spectrometry. RESULTS: After exercise, Mg and Na levels showed a significant increase (p < 0.05) while Mn levels fell (p < 0.05). Zn/Cu molar ratios were unaffected by exercise. CONCLUSIONS: Intense physical exercise induced changes in the concentrations of only three (Na, Mg, and Mn) of the 16 elements analysed in the saliva samples. Further research is needed to assess the clinical implications of these findings.
Authors:
J L Chicharro; V Serrano; R Ureña; A M Gutierrez; A Carvajal; P Fernández-Hernando; A Lucía
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of sports medicine     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0306-3674     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Sports Med     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-08-19     Completed Date:  1999-08-19     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0432520     Medline TA:  Br J Sports Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  204-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Electrolytes / analysis*
Exercise / physiology*
Exercise Test
Humans
Male
Normal Distribution
Physical Exertion / physiology
Rest / physiology*
Saliva / chemistry*
Sensitivity and Specificity
Statistics, Nonparametric
Trace Elements / analysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Electrolytes; 0/Trace Elements
Comments/Corrections

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