Document Detail

Toxoplasma gondii in animals used for human consumption.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19430665     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Food-borne toxoplasmosis in humans may result from exposure to different stages of Toxoplasma gondii, in particular from the ingestion of tissue cysts or tachyzoites contained in meat, primary offal (viscera) or meat-derived products of many different animals, or the ingestion of sporulated oocysts that are contained in the environment and may contaminate food and water. Although the potential for transmission of the parasite to humans via food has been known for several decades, it is not known which routes are most important from a public health point of view. It is likely that transmission of the parasite to humans is influenced not only by the potential contamination of various food sources, but also by the individual behaviour of consumers in different ethnic groups and geographical regions. Most current methods for detection of T. gondii in meat-producing animals, in products of animal origin, or in the environment are insufficient because they do not allow quantification of infectious stages. Hence, most studies report only qualitative data from which it is difficult to assess the true risk of infection in individual cases. There is a need for quantitative data so that efficient strategies to reduce food-borne transmission of T. gondii to humans can be developed.
Astrid M Tenter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Mem?rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz     Volume:  104     ISSN:  1678-8060     ISO Abbreviation:  Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz     Publication Date:  2009 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-11     Completed Date:  2010-02-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502619     Medline TA:  Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  364-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institut f?r Parasitologie, Stiftung Tier?rztliche Hochschule Hannover, B?nteweg 17, 30559 Hannover, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Food Parasitology*
Meat Products / parasitology*
Toxoplasmosis / transmission*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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