Document Detail


Toxicity of sediments and sediment pore waters from the Grand Calumet River-Indiana Harbor, Indiana area of concern.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7691537     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The assessment of contaminated sediments is a difficult task due to the complex nature of the sediment matrix and the potential for exposure of aquatic organisms to in-place contaminants via several routes. Differential species sensitivity also precludes the completion of a meaningful environmental assessment with only one species. Therefore, a battery of assays approach with the Microtox assay, 48 hr Daphnia magna and Ceriodaphnia dubia tests and a 10-day Chironomous tentans test was used to evaluate the toxicity of sediment pore waters and whole sediments from the Grand Calumet River-Indiana Harbor, Indiana area of concern. All toxicity tests indicated that the test fractions (pore water, whole sediment) from each study site were toxic to the test species. A toxic units (TU) approach was used to compare measured TU from each assay with calculated TU based on chemical analyses of pore waters and whole sediments and the results of reference toxicant tests. Based on the results of these analyses, ammonia, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, metals, petroleum hydrocarbons, and bicarbonate ion appear to be the major contaminants of environmental significance to benthic invertebrates within the study area.
Authors:
R A Hoke; J P Giesy; M Zabik; M Unger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ecotoxicology and environmental safety     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0147-6513     ISO Abbreviation:  Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf.     Publication Date:  1993 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-11-09     Completed Date:  1993-11-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7805381     Medline TA:  Ecotoxicol Environ Saf     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  86-112     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824-1222.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Chironomidae / drug effects*
Daphnia / drug effects*
Fresh Water / chemistry*
Indiana
Lethal Dose 50
Photobacterium / drug effects*
Species Specificity
Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis,  toxicity*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Water Pollutants, Chemical

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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