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Toxicity of saponin isolated from Gymnema sylvestre R. Br. (Asclepiadaceae) against Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles (Diptera: Culicidae) Japanese encephalitis vector mosquito in India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23152320     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To determine the larvicidal activity of various extracts of Gymnema sylvestre against the Japanese Encephalitis vector, Culex tritaeniorynchus in Tamilnadu, India. To identify the active principle present in the promising fraction obtained in Chlorofom:Methanol extract of Fraction 2. The G. sylvestre leaf extracts were tested, employing WHO procedure against fourth instar larvae of C. tritaeniorhynchus and the larval mortalities were recorded at various concentrations (6.25, 12.5, 25.0, 50 and 100 µg/mL); the 24h LC50 values of the G. Sylvestre leaf extracts were determined following Probit analysis. It was noteworthy that treatment level 100 µg/mL exhibited highest mortality rates for the three different crude extracts and was significantly different from the mean mortalities recorded for the other concentrations. The LC50 values of 34.756 µg/mL (24.475-51.41), 31.351 µg/mL (20.634-47.043) and 28.577 µg/mL (25.159-32.308) were calculated for acetone, chloroform and methanol extract with the chi-square values of 10.301, 31.351 and 4.093 respectively. The present investigation proved that G. Sylvestre could be possibly utilized as an important component in the Vector Control Program.
Authors:
Kupppusamy Elumalai; Shanmugan Dhanasekaran; Kaliamoorthy Krishnappa
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1678-9946     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7507484     Medline TA:  Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  337-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Entomotoxicity studies, Govt. Arts College, Tamilnadu, India, 600 035.
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