Document Detail


Toxicity and behavioural effects of diet-borne alkaloids on larvae of the black blowfly, Phormia regina.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12109709     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Larvae of the black blowfly, Phormia regina (Meigen) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) were exposed for 24 h to artificial diets that contained one of the following alkaloids: arecoline, caffeine, nicotine, quinine, sparteine or strychnine at either 1000 or 100 p.p.m. Each of the alkaloids caused reduced weight gain, relative to a control population in a no-choice bioassay and, with the exception of quinine, all alkaloids caused reduced larval weights in a choice bioassay. Larvae were unable to move away from diets containing arecoline (1000 and 100 p.p.m) and congregated away from diets containing 1000 p.p.m. quinine. Arecoline (1000 p.p.m) and both concentrations of nicotine caused significant mortality of larvae. Over a longer period (120 h), 10 and 1 p.p.m. nicotine resulted in significant numbers of larvae congregating away from a treated diet. Ten p.p.m. nicotine caused reduced weight gain over 120 h, although larvae provided with a choice were less affected. Exposure of larvae to dried residues of nicotine for 2 h did not affect subsequent development.
Authors:
P W C Green; M S J Simmonds; W M Blaney
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical and veterinary entomology     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0269-283X     ISO Abbreviation:  Med. Vet. Entomol.     Publication Date:  2002 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-07-11     Completed Date:  2002-11-12     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8708682     Medline TA:  Med Vet Entomol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  157-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Jodrell Laboratory, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK. paul.green@rbgkew.org.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Alkaloids / toxicity*
Animals
Behavior, Animal / drug effects
Biological Assay / veterinary
Body Weight / drug effects
Diet
Diptera / drug effects*,  growth & development,  physiology
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Larva
Nicotine / toxicity
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Alkaloids; 54-11-5/Nicotine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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