Document Detail


Towards the minimal amount of exercise for improving metabolic health: beneficial effects of reduced-exertion high-intensity interval training.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22124524     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
High-intensity interval training (HIT) has been proposed as a time-efficient alternative to traditional cardiorespiratory exercise training, but is very fatiguing. In this study, we investigated the effects of a reduced-exertion HIT (REHIT) exercise intervention on insulin sensitivity and aerobic capacity. Twenty-nine healthy but sedentary young men and women were randomly assigned to the REHIT intervention (men, n = 7; women, n = 8) or a control group (men, n = 6; women, n = 8). Subjects assigned to the control groups maintained their normal sedentary lifestyle, whilst subjects in the training groups completed three exercise sessions per week for 6 weeks. The 10-min exercise sessions consisted of low-intensity cycling (60 W) and one (first session) or two (all other sessions) brief 'all-out' sprints (10 s in week 1, 15 s in weeks 2-3 and 20 s in the final 3 weeks). Aerobic capacity ([Formula: see text]) and the glucose and insulin response to a 75-g glucose load (OGTT) were determined before and 3 days after the exercise program. Despite relatively low ratings of perceived exertion (RPE 13 ± 1), insulin sensitivity significantly increased by 28% in the male training group following the REHIT intervention (P < 0.05). [Formula: see text] increased in the male training (+15%) and female training (+12%) groups (P < 0.01). In conclusion we show that a novel, feasible exercise intervention can improve metabolic health and aerobic capacity. REHIT may offer a genuinely time-efficient alternative to HIT and conventional cardiorespiratory exercise training for improving risk factors of T2D.
Authors:
Richard S Metcalfe; John A Babraj; Samantha G Fawkner; Niels B J Vollaard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-11-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  112     ISSN:  1439-6327     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-11     Completed Date:  2012-10-29     Revised Date:  2012-12-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2767-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Life Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Exercise Tolerance / physiology*
Female
Humans
Insulin / blood*
Insulin Resistance / physiology*
Male
Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
Physical Exertion / physiology*
Physical Fitness / physiology*
Young Adult
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Insulin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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