Document Detail


Towards complete dephosphorylation and total conversion of phytates in poultry feeds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15285509     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The rate of phytate P removal from feed (level of dephosphorylation, DL) and the extent to which the molecule of phytic acid is deprived of phosphate moieties (conversion degree, CD) were studied in vitro and in a feeding trial with broilers fed corn-soybean diets. In the in vitro model, phytase A asymptotically increased DL and CD. Phytase B influenced DL only at low dosages of phytase A [0 or 250 phytase activity units (FTU)/kg], but it enhanced CD irrespective of phytase A activity. In the feeding trial, 3-phytase A and 6-phytase A (at 750 FTU/kg) exerted similar effects on broiler performance and similarly influenced bone mineralization, P retention, and Ca retention. Phytase B [6,400 acid phosphatase activity units (ACPU)/kg] enhanced feed intake, BW gain (BWG), toe ash, and P retention but not the retention of Ca. Myo-inositol fed at 0.1% significantly increased BWG, but it reduced P retention. Under conditions of a higher CD (excess of phytase B), 3-phytase A was more effective in enhancing performance than 6-phytase A, but it reduced Ca retention. Lower phytase B activities (0 to 3,200 ACPU/kg) with added 6-phytase A were more necessary for optimal growth of chickens than for enhanced P and Ca retention (4,800 to 6,400 ACPU/kg). The efficacy of both forms of phytase A and phytase B depended on the Ca level in feed. There is enough evidence to conclude that myo-inositol phosphates resulting from simultaneous action of 3-phytase A and phytase B affect bird physiology differently than intermediates accumulated by the action of 6-phytase A and phytase B.
Authors:
K Zyła; M Mika; B Stodolak; A Wikiera; J Koreleski; S Swiatkiewicz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  83     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2004 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-08-02     Completed Date:  2004-10-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1175-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Agriculture, Department of Food Biotechnology, 29-Listopada Ave. 46, 31-425 Kraków, Poland. kzyla@ar.krakow.pl
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
6-Phytase / metabolism,  pharmacology
Animal Feed / analysis*
Animals
Calcification, Physiologic
Calcium / metabolism,  pharmacokinetics
Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage
Chickens / physiology*
Diet
Eating
Inositol / administration & dosage
Organ Size
Phosphates / metabolism*
Phosphorus / metabolism,  pharmacokinetics
Phytic Acid / metabolism*,  pharmacokinetics
Soybeans
Weight Gain
Zea mays
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium, Dietary; 0/Phosphates; 6917-35-7/Inositol; 7440-70-2/Calcium; 7723-14-0/Phosphorus; 83-86-3/Phytic Acid; EC 3.1.3.26/6-Phytase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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