Document Detail


Towards child health: through mother's health and education.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12288488     Owner:  PIP     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In India, mothers and children constitute 62% of the population, but they are also a special risk group as regards their childbearing and survival, respectively. The States of Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh account for about 50% of the girls who are married off before age 16. Low levels of female literacy (ranging from 11.4% in Rajasthan to 65.7% in Kerala, with an all India average of 39.4%) are associated with early marriages, which expose girls to pregnancy in their teen years. Many studies report higher rates of low birth weight, prematurity, and neonatal and infant mortality in children of young mothers than in children born to women 20-29 years old. In a study conducted in a slum area of Bombay, teenage pregnancy appeared to be a risk factor for low birth weight when compared with pregnancies of women 21-30 years old. The incidence of low birth weight babies in India ranges from 30% to 40%, and they account for over 80% of neonatal deaths. The incidence of premature labor in teenagers in various Indian studies ranges from 11% to 31%. Perinatal mortality rates for Indian teenager pregnancies vary between 6% and 11%. Poverty associated with adverse sociocultural practices and the low status of women aggravates malnutrition and anemia in pregnant women. Female literacy is particularly important both for utilization and for provision of medical, health, and social welfare services. A national survey has indicated that the number of children born to couples was 4.03 when the husband was illiterate, declining to 2.16 when the husband had intermediate or higher level education. But the number was 3.8 when the wife was illiterate, dropping to 1.6 when the wife had intermediate or higher level education. If the mother is educated she will provide better child care, nutrition, and cleanliness, the factors which affect the health of her child.
Authors:
R Y Aras
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of maternal and child health : official publication of Indian Maternal and Child Health Association     Volume:  3     ISSN:  0970-8928     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Matern Child Health     Publication Date:    1992 Apr-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-05-04     Completed Date:  1995-05-04     Revised Date:  2013-02-08    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9425426     Medline TA:  Indian J Matern Child Health     Country:  INDIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  52-3     Citation Subset:  J    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Asia
Biology
Birth Weight
Body Weight
Child Welfare*
Demography
Developing Countries
Economics
Educational Status*
Fertility
Health
India
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Maternal Welfare*
Physiology
Population
Population Dynamics
Pregnancy in Adolescence*
Sexual Behavior
Social Class
Socioeconomic Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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