Document Detail

Toward an understanding of laypeople's notions about additives in food: clear-cut viewpoints about additives decrease with education.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9015558     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The focus of this article is on laypeople's notions about additives in food. A dilemma embodying the basic controversial standpoints on additives was given in interviews with 145 young and middle-aged adults representing different educational levels and fields during the years 1986-1988. The least and most educated subjects were interviewed again during 1993-1994 (N = 62). Interviewee standpoints and their justifications for them were probed in semi-structured interviews. The emergent attitudes could be located in four categories: Harmful, Safe, Both and Neither. There was a general movement from the clear-cut Harmful and Safe to Both and Neither, a trend which was not brought about by the selective sampling of interviewees for the follow-up study. In general, the more education the respondents had, the more often they expressed the standpoints Both and Neither and vice versa. Further education seems to soften the expression of straight for-or-against standpoints, as well as most misunderstandings about additives. Higher education helps people not only to simultaneously hold contradicting perspectives in mind, but also to analyse and integrate these perspectives, which is quite necessary in understanding open questions and in coping with insecurity in a modern society.
A Kajanne; A M Pirttilä-Backman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Appetite     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0195-6663     ISO Abbreviation:  Appetite     Publication Date:  1996 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-11     Completed Date:  1997-04-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006808     Medline TA:  Appetite     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  207-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Social Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Attitude to Health*
Data Collection
Educational Status
Follow-Up Studies
Food Additives / adverse effects*,  classification
Sex Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Food Additives

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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