Document Detail


Toward peace: foreign arms and indigenous institutions in a Papua New Guinea society.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23019648     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In 1990, shotguns and M-16s were adopted into Enga warfare, setting off some 15 years of devastation as youths (~17 to 28) took charge of interclan warfare. In response, people called on elder leaders to adapt customary institutions to restore peace; subsequently, war deaths and the frequency of war declined radically. Data from precolonial warfare, 501 recent wars, and 129 customary court sessions allow us to consider (i) the principles and values behind customary institutions for peace, (ii) their effectiveness, (iii) how they interact with and compare to state institutions of today, and (iv) how such institutions might have shaped our human behavioral repertoire to make life in state societies possible.
Authors:
Polly Wiessner; Nitze Pupu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Science (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  337     ISSN:  1095-9203     ISO Abbreviation:  Science     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-28     Completed Date:  2012-10-02     Revised Date:  2012-10-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404511     Medline TA:  Science     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1651-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA. wiessner@soft-link.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Behavior*
Firearms / statistics & numerical data*
Humans
Mortality / trends*
Papua New Guinea
Violence*
War*
Young Adult
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Science. 2012 Sep 28;337(6102):1593-4   [PMID:  23019621 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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