Document Detail

Toward a differentiation of descriptive and psycholinguistic language models: perceptual and orthographic/phonological analysis of spelling strategies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  712649     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Linguistic concepts of the principles and rule systems composing language are instantiated in the models known as grammars. These grammars, typically generative in format, are descriptions of those representatives of universal rule processes found in the particular language being described. Many psycholinguists are now becoming concerned with how to determine to what extent such formal descriptive language models also embody psychologically valid descriptions of speaker processes. It is this issue to which the current article is addressed. The psycholinguistic validity of a language model may be studied by experimental investigation of the degree to which speaker behaviors follow the patterns dictated by linguistic theory. In this article, English phonology, specifically the nature of phonological units in internalized phonological representations, was chosen as the area for study. The choice was made because English phonology is particularly well described by the standard theory, and because this theory contains explicit predictions about how English speakers' phonological knowledge will be realized in their control of English orthography, e.g., in spelling. The present article discusses a series of studies designed to determine whether speakers' spelling behavior follows the supposed patterns of phonological competence, wherein any divergences may lie, and to what processes they may be attributed. The results of the studies suggest the necessity for differentiating a formal description of English phonology from a psycholinguistic model.
S H Houston
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of psycholinguistic research     Volume:  7     ISSN:  0090-6905     ISO Abbreviation:  J Psycholinguist Res     Publication Date:  1978 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-01-26     Completed Date:  1979-01-26     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0333506     Medline TA:  J Psycholinguist Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  353-99     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Auditory Perception
Memory, Short-Term
Models, Theoretical*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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