Document Detail

Total shoulder arthroplasty - arthroplasty for glenohumeral arthropathies: results and complications after a minimum follow-up of 8 years according to the type of arthroplasty and etiology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22583895     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Arthroplasty for glenohumeral arthropathies have specific complications and the final results are sometimes more dependent upon the type of shoulder arthroplasty than the initial etiology. The aim of our study was to evaluate the rate of complications and the functional improvement with different types of shoulder arthroplasties after a minimum follow-up of 8 years.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a multicenter retrospective study of 198 shoulders including 85 primary osteoarthritis of the shoulder, 76 cuff tear arthropathies, 19 avascular necrosis and 18 rheumatoid arthritis. Arthroplasties included 104 anatomic total shoulder arthroplasties (TSA), 77 reverse arthroplasties and 17 hemiarthroplasties. Ten patients had their arthroplasty revised, and 134 patients with TSA were able to be present at the final follow-up or provide information on their case. Function was evaluated by the Constant-Murley score and loosening by standard radiographs.
RESULTS: In the group with primary osteoarthritis of the shoulder, there were eight complications (11%) including six (8.3%) requiring implant revision. In the group of rotator cuff arthropathies, there were nine (14.7%) complications including four (6.5%) requiring implant revision. In the group with rheumatoid arthritis, there was one complication, and no surgical revision was necessary. There were no complications in the group with avascular necrosis. Glenoid migration occurred in 28.5% of anatomic TSA, and 3.4% of reverse arthroplasties. This difference was significant (P<0.001). The Constant-Murley score was significantly improved in all etiologies.
CONCLUSIONS: Glenohumeral arthropathies can be successfully treated by arthroplasty. Anatomic TSA was shown to be associated with a high risk of glenoid loosening at radiographic follow-up, which makes us hesitate to use the cemented polyethylene implant, especially in young patients.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV - Retrospective study.
L Favard; D Katz; M Colmar; T Benkalfate; H Thomazeau; S Emily
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study     Date:  2012-05-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Orthopaedics & traumatology, surgery & research : OTSR     Volume:  98     ISSN:  1877-0568     ISO Abbreviation:  Orthop Traumatol Surg Res     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-05     Completed Date:  2012-10-25     Revised Date:  2013-10-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101494830     Medline TA:  Orthop Traumatol Surg Res     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S41-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Département d'orthopédie-traumatologie I, CHRU Trousseau, 37044 Tours cedex 9, France.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Arthroplasty, Replacement / methods*
Follow-Up Studies
France / epidemiology
Joint Prosthesis
Middle Aged
Postoperative Complications / epidemiology*,  surgery
Recovery of Function
Retrospective Studies
Shoulder Joint / injuries,  pathology,  surgery*
Statistics, Nonparametric
Treatment Outcome

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