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Total dietary fiber intakes in the US population are related to whole grain consumption: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009 to 2010.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24655489     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Whole grain (WG) foods have been shown to reduce chronic disease risk and overweight. Total dietary fiber is associated with WG and its health benefits. The purpose was to determine whether associations exist between WG intake (no-WG intake, 0 ounce equivalent [oz eq]; low, >0-<3 oz eq; high, ≥3 oz eq) and total dietary fiber intake among Americans 2 years and older. One-day food intake data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009 to 2010 (n = 9042) showed that only 2.9% and 7.7% of children/adolescents (2-18 years) and adults (≥19 years) consumed at least 3 WG oz eq/d, respectively. For children/adolescents and adults, individuals in the high WG intake group were 59 and 76 times more likely to fall in the third fiber tertile, respectively, compared with those with no-WG intake. Total dietary fiber intake from food sources varied by WG intake group for children/adolescents and adults with more total dietary fiber consumed from ready-to-eat (RTE) and hot cereals and yeast breads/rolls in the high WG intake group compared with the no-WG intake group. Major WG sources for children/adolescents and adults included yeast bread/rolls (24% and 27%, respectively), RTE cereals (25% and 20%, respectively), and oatmeal (12% and 21%, respectively). Among those with the highest WG intake, WG RTE cereal with no added bran was the greatest contributor to total dietary fiber compared with other RTE cereal types. Whole grain foods make a substantial contribution to total dietary fiber intake and should be promoted to meet recommendations.
Authors:
Marla Reicks; Satya Jonnalagadda; Ann M Albertson; Nandan Joshi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-01-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1879-0739     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr Res     Publication Date:  2014 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-03-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303331     Medline TA:  Nutr Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  226-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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