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Total Flavones of Choerospondias axillaris Attenuate Cardiac Dysfunction and Myocardial Interstitial Fibrosis by Modulating NF-κB Signaling Pathway.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25427792     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study aimed to investigate the effect of total flavonoids of Choerospondias axillaris (TFC) on myocardial infarction (MI)-induced cardiac dysfunction, interstitial fibrosis and inflammatory reaction and further to clarify the potential signaling pathway involved. Rats were subjected to MI via coronary artery occlusion. The model establishment was confirmed by the occurrence of ST-segment elevation in electrocardiogram. Then, TFC was administrated at doses of 75, 150 and 300 mg/kg for 28 consecutive days (gavage). Body weight and heart weight were recorded. Hemodynamics, infarct size and myocardial fibrosis were examined. Blood samples were collected to determine tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin 6, 10 (IL-6, IL-10) levels. The expressions of matrix metalloproteinases-2, 9 (MMP-2, 9), phosphor-IKBα (p-IKBα) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) were assayed by Western blot. The results indicated that TFC significantly improved cardiac dysfunction, the heart coefficient and myocardial fibrosis in MI rat. TFC also decreased the levels of TNF-α and IL-6, but increased IL-10 content. Moreover, treatment with TFC protected the heart from chronic MI injury by decreasing the expressions of MMP-2, 9, TGF-β1 and p-IKBα. The results suggested that TFC attenuated cardiac dysfunction and myocardial interstitial fibrosis by modulating nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway.
Authors:
Bei Sun; Qiumei Xia; Zhiyong Gao
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-11-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiovascular toxicology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1559-0259     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiovasc. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101135818     Medline TA:  Cardiovasc Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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