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Torsion analysis in the early detection of anthracycline-mediated cardiomyopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21926409     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: Anthracyclines have profound consequences on the structure and function of the heart, which over time cause a cardiomyopathy that leads to congestive heart failure. Early detection of subclinical left ventricular (LV) dysfunction following a low dose of anthracyclines may be a preventive strategy. The aim of this study was to determine torsion analysis using two-dimensional speckle-tracking imaging (STI), useful for detecting early anthracycline-mediated cardiotoxicity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Conventional and Doppler echocardiography images were obtained from 25 patients (mean age 58 ± 11 years) before chemotherapy and 1 and 3 months after treatment. The cumulative anthracycline doses were 98 ± 59 and 170 ± 87 g/m(2) at 1 and 3 months, respectively. After standard echocardiography, LV torsion and twisting velocity profiles from apical and basal short-axis images were analysed using STI. LV dimensions and ejection fraction did not change throughout follow-up. Although isovolumic relaxation time showed prolongation 3 months after chemotherapy, other Doppler indices did not show significant changes. However, significant deteriorations in torsion (P < 0.0001 by ANOVA), twisting rate (P < 0.0001 by ANOVA), and untwisting rate (P < 0.001 by ANOVA) were found 1 month after chemotherapy. A significant negative correlation was observed between cumulative anthracycline doses and torsion (r = -0.524, P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: LV torsion analysis could be a useful non-invasive approach for early detection of subclinical anthracycline cardiotoxicity.
Authors:
Hirohiko Motoki; Jun Koyama; Hideyuki Nakazawa; Kazunori Aizawa; Hiroki Kasai; Atsushi Izawa; Takeshi Tomita; Yusuke Miyashita; Setsuo Kumazaki; Masafumi Takahashi; Uichi Ikeda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of echocardiography : the journal of the Working Group on Echocardiography of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2114     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100890618     Medline TA:  Eur J Echocardiogr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto 390-8621, Matsumoto, Japan.
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