Document Detail

Tooth-implant connection: a bibliographic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19767705     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was to carry out a bibliographic review of all available literature addressing the issue of whether or not the connection of teeth to implants by means of a prosthesis is a viable treatment alternative. Twenty articles from a variety of sources were analyzed and classified in order to draw conclusions. Articles were classified by type and an analysis was made of the different variables considered in each study, obtaining percentages of implant survival ranging from 84.4% to 100%, prosthetic complications ranging from 80% to 90%, and the incidence of dental intrusion ranging from 0 to 5.6%. Biomechanical studies: Some articles studied models in order to assess different connections subjected to force, in which varying results were obtained. Rigid connections appeared to produce the most stress to the natural tooth, periodontal ligament and peri-implant bone; non-rigid connections reduced the stress to the bone, but increased stress to the prosthesis. Clinical studies: The results obtained were disparate. Studies in the medium or short-term show this as a viable treatment alternative, whereas some studies point to a greater risk of complications, although the use of rigid connection decreases the percentage of intrusion. Other bibliographic reviews have concluded that there is a need for more longitudinal studies on the viability of tooth-implant connection, also concluding that complications are greater when this is the chosen treatment. As a viable alternative with an acceptable success rate, this course of treatment is always associated with rigid connection rather than non-rigid connection. Although intrusion is avoided with rigid connection, this nevertheless remains inadvisable as the primary treatment choice.
Celso Hita-Carrillo; Manuel Hern?ndez-Aliaga; Jose-Luis Calvo-Guirado
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2010-03-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicina oral, patolog?a oral y cirug?a bucal     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1698-6946     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-01     Completed Date:  2010-06-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101231694     Medline TA:  Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal     Country:  Spain    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e387-94     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Murcia, Lorqu? (Murcia), Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Dental Implantation / methods*
Dental Implants*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dental Implants

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