Document Detail


Tools for investigating the environmental transmission of Cryptosporidium and Giardia infections in humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16503418     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis are major public health concerns. The role of water and food in the epidemiology of these diseases is now well recognized. Molecular techniques are available to determine the species and genotypes of Cryptosporidium and Giardia and to distinguish human from non-human pathogens. Validated methods to determine the species, genotype and subgenotype that are present in heterologous mixtures should be applied to environmental samples to enable the monitoring and characterization of infection sources, disease tracking and the establishment of causative links to both waterborne and foodborne outbreaks. Meaningful interpretation of population structures and occurrence-prevalence baselines can be performed only by analysing a well-planned set of samples from all possible sources taken regularly over time, rather than focusing on outbreak investigations. For food, this includes such analyses in the country of origin.
Authors:
Huw V Smith; Simone M Cacciò; Andy Tait; Jim McLauchlin; R C Andrew Thompson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2006-02-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Trends in parasitology     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1471-4922     ISO Abbreviation:  Trends Parasitol.     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-03-27     Completed Date:  2007-05-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100966034     Medline TA:  Trends Parasitol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  160-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Scottish Parasite Diagnostic Laboratory, Stobhill Hospital, Glasgow, UK, G21 3UW. huw.smith@northglasgow.scot.nhs.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cryptosporidiosis / epidemiology,  transmission*
Cryptosporidium / physiology
Environment
Food Parasitology*
Giardia / physiology
Giardiasis / epidemiology,  transmission*
Humans
Molecular Diagnostic Techniques / methods,  standards
Water / parasitology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7732-18-5/Water

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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