Document Detail

Tongue reconstruction with a combined brachioradialis-radial forearm flap.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10668748     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Total glossectomy adversely affects speech and swallowing, and subsequent reconstruction results in limited functional return. The radial forearm flap has been reliably used to resurface glossectomy defects, but has limited bulk with which to aid in palatoglossal contact for speech. The authors have modified the forearm flap by incorporating a segment of brachioradialis muscle, to increase bulk posteriorly and to aid in speech. Sufficient muscle perforators arise from the proximal brachial artery and enter the brachioradialis to permit transfer of the muscle with the fasciocutaneous forearm flap as a single free-flap unit. The muscle is folded onto itself and enclosed within the forearm flap skin to create a neotongue. Coaptation of the antebrachial cutaneous nerves can provide a senate flap. Successful transfer of the combined brachioradialis/forearm flap in a patient who had undergone total glossectomy resulted in a neotongue good shape. Speech was rated good by a speech pathologist, and palatoglossal contact was observed on cineoradiograph. No functional loss at the donor site occurred. Inclusion of the brachioradialis muscle with the radial forearm flap as a combined unit results in a neotongue with good form and increased bulk posteriorly at the base, compared to a standard fasciocutaneous flap alone. This is a useful variation of the forearm flap. Sensory return is possible if the medial and/or lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerves of the flap are coapted to the lingual nerve.
J R Sanger; B H Campbell; Z Ye; N J Yousif; H S Matloub
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of reconstructive microsurgery     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0743-684X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Reconstr Microsurg     Publication Date:  2000 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-03-09     Completed Date:  2000-03-09     Revised Date:  2011-02-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502670     Medline TA:  J Reconstr Microsurg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  7-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery*
Middle Aged
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods*
Surgical Flaps*
Tongue Neoplasms / surgery*

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