Document Detail


Tone of voice guides word learning in informative referential contexts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23134484     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Listeners infer which object in a visual scene a speaker refers to from the systematic variation of the speaker's tone of voice (ToV). We examined whether ToV also guides word learning. During exposure, participants heard novel adjectives (e.g., "daxen") spoken with a ToV representing hot, cold, strong, weak, big, or small while viewing picture pairs representing the meaning of the adjective and its antonym (e.g., elephant-ant for big-small). Eye fixations were recorded to monitor referent detection and learning. During test, participants heard the adjectives spoken with a neutral ToV, while selecting referents from familiar and unfamiliar picture pairs. Participants were able to learn the adjectives' meanings, and, even in the absence of informative ToV, generalize them to new referents. A second experiment addressed whether ToV provides sufficient information to infer the adjectival meaning or needs to operate within a referential context providing information about the relevant semantic dimension. Participants who saw printed versions of the novel words during exposure performed at chance during test. ToV, in conjunction with the referential context, thus serves as a cue to word meaning. ToV establishes relations between labels and referents for listeners to exploit in word learning.
Authors:
Eva Reinisch; Alexandra Jesse; Lynne C Nygaard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-11-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Quarterly journal of experimental psychology (2006)     Volume:  66     ISSN:  1747-0226     ISO Abbreviation:  Q J Exp Psychol (Hove)     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-05-30     Completed Date:  2013-12-10     Revised Date:  2014-06-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101259775     Medline TA:  Q J Exp Psychol (Hove)     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1227-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustic Stimulation
Association Learning
Attention / physiology
Female
Fixation, Ocular
Humans
Linear Models
Male
Pattern Recognition, Visual
Photic Stimulation
Reaction Time / physiology
Semantics*
Speech Perception / physiology*
Students
Universities
Verbal Learning / physiology*
Vocabulary*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 DC 008108/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; R01 DC008108/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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