Document Detail

Toll-like receptor 4 modulates cell migration and cortical neurogenesis after focal cerebral ischemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25063846     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) mediates brain damage after stroke. Now our objective is to determine TLR4 involvement in stroke-induced neurogenesis. Stroke was induced by permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in wild-type and TLR4-deficient mice. Stereological and densitometric analysis of immunofluorescence-labeled brain sections and FACS analysis of cell suspensions were performed. Our results show that subventricular zone (SVZ) cell proliferation after stroke depends on infarct size. Second, when comparing brains with similar lesions, TLR4 attenuated SVZ proliferation, as shown by a decrease in prominin-1(+)/EGFR(+)/nestin(-) cells (type-C cells) at 1-2 d, and in BrdU(+) cells at 7 d, in TLR4(+/+) vs. TLR4(-/-) mice. Interestingly, 7 d after the infarct, neuroblasts in TLR4(+/+) mice migrated farther distances, reaching areas closer to the lesion than those in TLR4-deficient mice. However, at 14 d, TLR4-deficient mice presented a higher number of neuroblasts in all migratory zones than the TLR4(+/+) counterparts, which suggests that TLR4 deficiency delays neuroblast migration. Consistently, TLR4(+/+) mice showed an increased number of interneurons (NeuN(+)/BrdU(+)/GAD67(+) cells) in peri-infarct cortex 14-28 d after stroke. Our data indicate that, despite a negative effect on SVZ cell proliferation, TLR4 plays an important role in stroke-induced neurogenesis by promoting neuroblasts migration and increasing the number of new cortical neurons after stroke.-Moraga, A., Pradillo, J. M., Cuartero, M. I., Hernández-Jiménez, M., Oses, M., Moro, M. A., Lizasoain, I. Toll-like receptor 4 modulates cell migration and cortical neurogenesis after focal cerebral ischemia.
Ana Moraga; Jesús M Pradillo; María I Cuartero; Macarena Hernández-Jiménez; Marta Oses; María A Moro; Ignacio Lizasoain
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1530-6860     ISO Abbreviation:  FASEB J.     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804484     Medline TA:  FASEB J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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