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Tolerability and efficacy of a low-volume enteral supplement containing key nutrients in the critically ill.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21621886     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To compare early supplementation with antioxidants and glutamine using a low-volume enteral supplement containing key nutrients to an energy adjusted standard elementary diet and to investigate its effect on clinical efficacy and tolerability in critically ill patients with sepsis/SIRS. The primary endpoints were length of stay in the ICU and sufficient enteral feed. METHODS: This was a randomized, prospective, single-blind, controlled study in 58 critically ill patients (56.9% male, mean age 46.7 years, mean APACHE II score 21.6). They received either a low-volume enteral supplement containing key nutrients or a diluted standard nutrition solution. After 10 or 14 days inflammatory parameters, catecholamine need, and maximal enteral delivery were determined. RESULTS: Patients receiving a low-volume enteral supplement containing key nutrients did not reach sufficient enteral feed more often than controls (76 vs. 62%, respectively, p = 0.17). The difference in vitamin E and selenium uptake was higher in the treatment group than controls (12.4 vs. 3.7 and 54.7 vs. 16.3, respectively, p ≤ 0.011). Parameters such as fever, antibiotic treatment, artificial ventilation, and death were comparable. This was also true for days of ICU or hospital stay (33 ± 23 and 49 ± 34 days, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The low-volume enteral supplement containing key nutrients was well tolerated and led to a better vitamin E and selenium supply. However, it did not affect length of ICU or hospital stay. Further studies are necessary to determine which disease-specific subgroups may benefit from this supplementation or which group may be harmed.
Andrea Schneider; Andrea Markowski; Michael Momma; Claudia Seipt; Birgit Luettig; Johannes Hadem; Michaela Wilhelmi; Michael P Manns; Jochen Wedemeyer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-1983     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309603     Medline TA:  Clin Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, D-30625 Hannover, Germany.
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