Document Detail


Tobacco use prevalence and correlates among adolescents in a clinician initiated tobacco prevention trial in California, USA.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8935468     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Baseline data for the clinician initiated, tobacco prevention trial, the first non-school based clinician mediated tobacco prevention study, were used to explore the degree to which young people receiving orthodontic treatment use tobacco and the differences in use rates between national, California, and patient samples. Correlates of tobacco use were identified and these correlates were contrasted with findings from the published reports. DESIGN AND SETTING: A 26 item telephone survey assessed demographic information, tobacco use, selected health related behaviours, and variables based on social learning theory. The study was conducted among 11 to 18 year old orthodontic patients from San Diego, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties, California, USA. PARTICIPANTS: Of the 17925 patients who were eligible, 16915 (> 94%) completed the survey. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Multivariate analyses were conducted using a logistic mixed effects model. Although the 30 day prevalence rate of tobacco use (6%, n = 1010) proved lower than California and national samples, the rates for the age, gender, and race ethnicity subgroups showed trends similar to those seen in California and national samples. Ten variables were significantly associated with tobacco use (p < 0.05), including 30 day alcohol use (OR = 7.88), age (OR = 1.32), and living with a tobacco user (OR = 1.72). CONCLUSIONS: Because 6% of orthodontic patients use tobacco, interventions are warranted to reach the health "Objectives for the Nation". Patterns of correlates of tobacco use were essentially the same for orthodontic patients, California, and national samples, suggesting that these associations are generalisable.
Authors:
M F Hovell; D J Slymen; K J Keating; J A Jones; S Burkham-Kreitner; C R Hofstetter; D Noel; B Rubin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of epidemiology and community health     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0143-005X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Epidemiol Community Health     Publication Date:  1996 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-06-26     Completed Date:  1997-06-26     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909766     Medline TA:  J Epidemiol Community Health     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  340-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Center for Behavioral Epidemiology, San Diego State University, CA 92182-0405, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
California / epidemiology
Child
Female
Health Behavior
Humans
Male
Multivariate Analysis
Prevalence
Reproducibility of Results
Risk Factors
Sex Distribution
Smoking / epidemiology*,  ethnology
Socioeconomic Factors
Comments/Corrections

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