Document Detail

Tobacco use in sub-Sahara Africa: estimates from the demographic health surveys.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18249479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Despite the growing problem of global tobacco use, accurate information on the prevalence and patterns in the world's poorest nations remains sparse. For sub-Sahara Africa, in particular, a weak knowledge base limits the targeting of strategies to combat the potential growth of tobacco use and its harmful effect on future mortality. To describe the prevalence and social patterns of the use of cigarettes and other tobacco in Africa, this study examines population-based data from 16 Demographic Health Surveys (DHS) of men aged 15-54 years and women aged 15-49 years in 14 nations. Descriptive statistics show the highest cigarette use among men in several nations of east central Africa and Madagascar, lowest use in nations of west central Africa, and medium use in nations of southern Africa. Multinomial logistic regression results for men show highest cigarette use among urban, less educated, and lower status workers. Results for women show much lower prevalence than men but similar social patterns of use. The DHS results thus give new and comparable information about tobacco use in low-income nations, disadvantaged social groups, and an understudied region of the world.
Fred Pampel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2008-02-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social science & medicine (1982)     Volume:  66     ISSN:  0277-9536     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Sci Med     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-17     Completed Date:  2008-08-19     Revised Date:  2010-09-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303205     Medline TA:  Soc Sci Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1772-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Colorado, Population Program, 484 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309-0484, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Africa South of the Sahara / epidemiology
Age Factors
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Educational Status
Health Surveys
Logistic Models
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Smoking / epidemiology*
Grant Support
R21 HD051146-01/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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