Document Detail

Tobacco erases 30 years of progress: preliminary analysis of the effect of tobacco smoking on Alaska Native birth weight.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8936100     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the relationship between tobacco and/or alcohol use and Alaska Native birth weight. METHODS: Data on weight, tobacco smoking and alcohol use among Alaska Natives were abstracted from 1989-91 Indian Health Service natality records based on birth certificates. RESULTS: Birth certificate data were available for 9,175 live births. Single live births were analyzed for 8,994 Alaska Natives. In women with no tobacco smoking the mean birth weight of their infants was 3,571 g; 1-5 cigarettes/day 3,429 g; 6-10 cigarettes/day 3,332 g (p < .05); and > 10 cigarettes/day 3,260 g (p < .05). Infants of Alaska Natives who reported no alcohol and no tobacco use had a mean birth weight of 3,579 g; alcohol use but no tobacco use 3,452 g; no alcohol but tobacco use 3,388 g; and both alcohol and tobacco use 3,281 g. (p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The mean birth weight of infants born to Alaska Native women with the highest use of tobacco were reduced by over 300 g compared to non-smoking Alaska Native women. Mean infant birth weight of tobacco smoking Yup'ik women in 1989-91 were reduced by over 400 g, comparable to weights reported in the 1960s.
N J Murphy; S W Butler; K M Petersen; V Heart; C M Murphy
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alaska medicine     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0002-4538     ISO Abbreviation:  Alaska Med     Publication Date:    1996 Jan-Mar
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-01-08     Completed Date:  1997-01-08     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370457     Medline TA:  Alaska Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  31-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Alaska Native Medical Center, Anchorage 99501, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Alaska / epidemiology
Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects,  epidemiology,  prevention & control
Birth Certificates
Birth Weight*
Cohort Studies
Fetal Growth Retardation / epidemiology*,  etiology,  prevention & control
Indians, North American* / statistics & numerical data
Infant, Newborn
Inuits* / statistics & numerical data
Smoking / adverse effects*,  epidemiology,  prevention & control

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