Document Detail


Tobacco Use May Be Associated With Increased Revision and Complication Rates Following Total Hip Arthroplasty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24090663     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of total hip arthroplasty in patients who were smokers to patients who were non-smokers. All total hip arthroplasties performed between 2007 and 2009 were reviewed to identify patients who indicated tobacco use. There were 110 smokers who were matched in a 1:2 ratio to 220 non-smoking patients. At a mean follow-up of 51months (range, 24 to 72months), smokers had an overall significantly lower survivorship of 92% (n=9 revisions), compared to 99% (n=2 revisions) in non-smokers. In addition, there were five complications in smokers (one pneumonia, three superficial infections, and one deep peroneal nerve palsy) compared to none in non-smokers. These results indicate that patients who smoke had higher overall revisions and postoperative complications.
Authors:
Bhaveen H Kapadia; Kimona Issa; Robert Pivec; Peter M Bonutti; Michael A Mont
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-9-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of arthroplasty     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8406     ISO Abbreviation:  J Arthroplasty     Publication Date:  2013 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703515     Medline TA:  J Arthroplasty     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013.
Affiliation:
Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Center for Joint Preservation and Replacement, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland.
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