Document Detail


To generalize or not to generalize: spatial categories are influenced by physical attributes and language.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19120416     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The current work explored the conditions under which infants generalize spatial relationships from one event to another. English-learning 5-month-olds habituated to a tight- or loose-fit covering event dishabituated to a change in fit during a containment test event, but infants habituated to a visually similar occlusion event did not. Thus, infants' responses appeared to be driven by the physical nature of the fit rather than visual similarity. This response pattern was replicated with Korean-speaking adults, but English-speaking adults showed no sensitivity to change in fit for either event. These findings suggest that language development links linguistic forms to universal, pre-existing representations of meaning, and that linguistic experience can shape sensitivity to distinctions that are marked in one's native language.
Authors:
Susan J Hespos; Thomas B Piccin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental science     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1467-7687     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev Sci     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-05     Completed Date:  2009-02-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9814574     Medline TA:  Dev Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  88-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA. hespos@northwestern.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Child Language
Concept Formation / physiology*
Female
Humans
Infant
Language Development*
Male
Psychological Tests
Space Perception / physiology*
Speech Perception / physiology*
Verbal Learning / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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