Document Detail

Titration of telmisartan, but not addition of amlodipine, reduces urine albumin in diabetic patients treated with telmisartan-diuretic.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23047595     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Microalbuminuria is closely associated with an increased risk of renal and cardiovascular adverse outcomes. The present study tested the hypothesis that titration of telmisartan reduces urinary excretion of albumin more than does addition of amlodipine in patients treated with a standard dose of telmisartan combined with a low-dose diuretic for the same degree of blood pressure (BP) reduction.
METHODS: Hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and microalbuminuria under treatment with a combination of a standard dose of telmisartan (40 mg/day) and trichlormethiazide (1 mg/day) were randomly assigned to receive either an increased dose of telmisartan (80 mg/day) combined with trichlormethiazide [increased dose angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) group, n = 20] or a combination consisting of telmisartan (40 mg/day), trichlormethiazide, and amlodipine (5 mg/day) (triple combination group, n = 20) for 6 months. The primary endpoint was a reduction in urinary albumin levels.
RESULTS: Although BP was reduced to a similar extent by the two regimens, patients receiving the increased dose ARB showed a higher reduction in urinary albumin (-37.4 ± 16.9%) than those on the triple combination regimen (-8.9 ± 23.7%; P < 0.0001). The reduction in urinary albumin was correlated with the drop in BP in the latter group, but not in the increased dose ARB group.
CONCLUSION: Uptitration of telmisartan more effectively reduces urinary albumin than addition of amlodipine in hypertensive patients with diabetes treated with a combination of telmisartan and diuretic for the same degree of BP reduction.
Masayoshi Kojima; Masuo Ohashi; Yasuaki Dohi; Genjiro Kimura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1473-5598     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-12     Completed Date:  2013-07-08     Revised Date:  2014-01-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8306882     Medline TA:  J Hypertens     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  186-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Albuminuria / drug therapy*
Amlodipine / administration & dosage*
Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers / administration & dosage*
Benzimidazoles / administration & dosage*
Benzoates / administration & dosage*
Blood Pressure / drug effects*
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications,  drug therapy*
Diuretics / administration & dosage*
Hypertension / complications,  drug therapy*
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers; 0/Benzimidazoles; 0/Benzoates; 0/Diuretics; 1J444QC288/Amlodipine; U5SYW473RQ/telmisartan
Comment In:
J Hypertens. 2013 Jan;31(1):44-6   [PMID:  23221930 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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