Document Detail

Tissue renin-angiotensin system: a site of drug action?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9131246     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In this review, we present background material that provides partial support for a tissue renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Evidence for the existence of this system relied in part on the use of drugs, which has entailed using low doses or concentrations of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, renin inhibitors, and angiotensin antagonists to block the RAS in vascular beds and in isolated arteries or organs. Other evidence for a tissue RAS has depended upon measurements of the components of the system, i.e. enzymes, substrates, and mRNAs for these proteins. All of these components were first believed to be present in the heart and blood vessels; however, it is now known that renin in the circulating blood derived from the kidney is used for the local synthesis of angiotensins. The main emphasis of the review is on the renal RAS because it is believed that the local RAS is most prominent in this organ. The renal RAS is probably involved in the long-rather than short-term regulation of renal vascular resistance and maintenance of normal blood pressure through the regulation of sodium reabsorption.
B G Zimmerman; E W Dunham
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annual review of pharmacology and toxicology     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0362-1642     ISO Abbreviation:  Annu. Rev. Pharmacol. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  1997  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-07-01     Completed Date:  1997-07-01     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7607088     Medline TA:  Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  53-69     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pharmacology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Angiotensin II / biosynthesis,  blood
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Kidney / drug effects,  metabolism,  physiology
Muscle Contraction / drug effects
Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / drug effects,  physiology
Renin / blood
Renin-Angiotensin System / drug effects*,  physiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors; 11128-99-7/Angiotensin II; EC

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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