Document Detail


Tissue pressure and plasma oncotic pressure during exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6693309     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Six healthy male subjects exercised on a cycle ergometer for 3 min for assessment of forces involved in transvascular fluid shift during intense exercise. The work load was at 105% of peak O2 uptake of the subjects. This caused a 17.2 +/- 1.2% reduction in plasma volume. The plasma volume loss was associated with an increase in plasma sodium, from 142.6 +/- 0.5 to 148.1 +/- 1.0 meq X 1(-1) (P less than 0.005); chloride, from 101.8 +/- 0.6 to 104.6 +/- 0.9 meq X 1(-1) (P less than 0.005); lactate, from 1.4 +/- 0.2 to 14.0 +/- 1.5 meq X 1(-1) (P less than 0.005); and osmolality, from 283 +/- 2 to 299 +/- 3 mosmol X kg-1 H2O (P less than 0.005) within 2 min after cessation of exercise. Plasma protein increased from 7.0 +/- 0.2 to 8.1 +/- 0.3 g X dl-1 (P less than 0.005), and plasma colloid osmotic pressure from 25.1 +/- 0.6 to 30.6 +/- 1.4 mmHg (P less than 0.005) after exercise. Interstitial fluid pressure in the exercising vastus lateralis muscle increased from a base-line value (SE) of -1.0 +/- 0.9 to + 1.5 +/- 1.1 cmH2O, 14 min after the end of exercise (P less than 0.05). Interstitial fluid pressure of the triceps brachii (inactive) did not change significantly after exercise. Our data suggest that increased transvascular colloid osmotic pressure and elevation of interstitial fluid pressure become increasingly important in preventing loss of plasma volume during maximal exercise.
Authors:
V Mohsenin; R R Gonzalez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology: respiratory, environmental and exercise physiology     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0161-7567     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Publication Date:  1984 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-03-08     Completed Date:  1984-03-08     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801242     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  102-8     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Body Fluids / physiology*
Extremities / anatomy & histology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Muscles / physiology*
Osmolar Concentration
Osmotic Pressure
Physical Exertion*
Plasma / physiology*
Pressure
Sodium / blood
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-17407/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; OH-00836/OH/NIOSH CDC HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7440-23-5/Sodium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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