Document Detail


Tissue glycogen levels in dams and fetuses as affected by fasting and refeeding pregnant sows.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7085525     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Nineteen Landrace sows mated to Landrace boars were randomly assigned, on d 91 of pregnancy, to three groups: (1) control (six sows)--fed standard 13% protein corn-soybean meal gestation diet at 1.82 kg/d to d 112 of pregnancy; (2) 4-d fast (seven sows)--fed standard gestation diet to d 94 of pregnancy, fasted from d 95 to 98 of pregnancy and then refed a semipurified fat-free diet ad libitum until d 112 of pregnancy, and (3) 8-d fast (six sows)--treated the same as groups 2, except that the fast began on d 91 and extended through d 98 of pregnancy. The fat-free diet consisted of dextrose and soybean meal and was fortified with minerals and vitamins. On d 112 of pregnancy, all fetuses were removed by Caesarean section and determinations were made of fetal body and liver weights, fetal liver and gastrocnemius muscle glycogen concentrations, and maternal uterus and peritoneal adipose tissue glycogen levels. Sows in groups 2 and 3 consumed more (P less than .01) average daily feed during the refeeding period than did the control sows. Fasting and refeeding failed to affect maternal or fetal tissue glycogen concentration, or fetal body or liver weight. Average sow tissue glycogen concentrations were .23 and 3.0 mg/g tissue for peritoneal adipose tissue and uterus, respectively. Average fetal liver and gastrocnemius muscle glycogen concentrations were, 87 and 62 mg/g tissue, respectively. Average fetal body and liver weights were 1,287 and 39.5 g/fetus, respectively. We conclude that fasting followed by refeeding of a fat-free diet to pregnant sows during late gestation does not increase maternal or fetal tissue glycogen content and appears to be of no value in enhancing pig survival in early postnatal life.
Authors:
J T Yen; R D Eichner; R J Arnold; W G Pond
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  1982 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-08-26     Completed Date:  1982-08-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  796-805     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed
Animals
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
Fasting / veterinary*
Female
Fetus / metabolism*
Glycogen / analysis*
Liver Glycogen / analysis
Muscles / analysis
Pregnancy
Swine / metabolism*,  physiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats; 0/Liver Glycogen; 9005-79-2/Glycogen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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