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Tissue factor expression determines tumour cell coagulation kinetics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22348286     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Introduction:  Cancers are associated with varying degrees of an increased risk of venous thromboembotic events (VTE) occurring. This increased risk is tumour driven and associated with tumour expression of tissue factor (TF) and tumour-derived microparticles (MP). In this study, cancer cell lines from phenotypically distinct tumours were assessed for cell surface TF expression and prothrombin time (PT) taken as a measure of procoagulant potential. Methods:  Breast (T47D, MCF-7), colorectal (Colo320 and LoVo), head and neck (USCC 11b, 12, 81b and SIHN-011A) and pancreatic tumour cell lines (ASPC-1 and CFPAC-1) were assessed for TF expression by flow cytometry and relative mean fluorescence determined. Procoagulant potential of the cells was then determined by PT assay. Results:  Cell-supported coagulation was shown to be cell number dependent, defined by a logarithmic relationship that was consistent across all cell lines. Single cell PT was determined for each cell line from the slope of a logarithmically transformed data plot. A near linear relationship was observed between TF expression and single cell clotting time where a higher expression of TF results in a proportionally faster PT (P < 0.001). Conclusions:  This study shows that across a range of tumour sites a consistent relationship is seen between procoagulant potential and both cell number and TF cell surface expression.
Authors:
J Welsh; J D Smith; K R Yates; J Greenman; A Maraveyas; L A Madden
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of laboratory hematology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1751-553X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101300213     Medline TA:  Int J Lab Hematol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Postgraduate Medical Institute, University of Hull, Hull, UK Queen's Centre for Oncology & Haematology, Castle Hill Hospital, Cottingham, UK.
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