Document Detail

Tissue characterisation of atherosclerotic plaque in coronary artery bifurcations: an intravascular ultrasound radiofrequency data analysis in humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20884408     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
AIMS: To investigate tissue characteristics of atherosclerotic plaques in coronary artery bifurcations.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Using a global virtual histology registry, geometric and compositional characteristics of plaque in three segments (proximal, distal, and at the bifurcation) of coronary bifurcation sites were analysed with intravascular ultrasound radiofrequency data (RFD) analysis. A total of 256 bifurcation sites were analysed: left main (LM)-left anterior descending artery (LAD), 41; LAD-diagonal artery, 128; left circumflex artery-obtuse marginal artery, 34; and right coronary artery-acute marginal artery, 53. The plaque+media (P+M) burden was larger in the distal segments of LM-LAD bifurcation sites than in the proximal and at the bifurcation segments (46.55±12.08% vs. 40.40±11.76%, 41.15±11.01%, p<0.001). The % necrotic core (NC) and % dense calcium (DC) at the bifurcation and distal segments of LM-LAD bifurcation sites was significantly greater than in the proximal segments (6.75±5.09%, 7.36±6.01% vs. 4.89±4.78%, p<0.05, and 3.31±2.87%, 3.73±3.28% vs. 1.89±2.10%, p<0.001). In contrast, P+M burden, % NC and % DC in the proximal segments of non-LM bifurcation sites was significantly greater than at the bifurcation and distal segments (49.41±12.12% vs. 45.34±11.21%, 46.80±10.68% / 8.08±6.21% vs. 6.47±5.11%, 6.28±5.05% / 4.57±4.67% vs. 3.38±3.44%, 3.55±3.74%, all p<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate that heterogeneous nature of coronary atherosclerosis at coronary bifurcations according to their segments and anatomical locations (LM-LAD vs. non-LM bifurcations). The further investigation for the clinical efficacy of the RFD analysis on bifurcation sites are warranted.
Seung Hwan Han; Joseph Puma; Hector M García-García; Kenya Nasu; Pauliina Margolis; Martin B Leon; Amir Lerman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  EuroIntervention : journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1969-6213     ISO Abbreviation:  EuroIntervention     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101251040     Medline TA:  EuroIntervention     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  313-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Gil Hospital, Gachon University of Medicine and Science, Incheon, South Korea.
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Comment In:
EuroIntervention. 2010 Aug;6(3):295-301   [PMID:  20884405 ]

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