Document Detail


Tissue-Specific and Developmental Modification of Grape Cell Walls Influences the Adsorption of Proanthocyanidins.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22860923     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cell wall material from Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet Sauvignon grape skin and flesh was isolated at different stages of grape maturity in order to determine whether developmental changes in cell wall composition in different tissue types influences the binding of proanthocyanidins (PAs). Trends in cell wall adsorption of, and selectivity for PAs were determined using two skin PAs that differed in their average molecular mass. Flesh cell walls consistently bound higher a higher amount of PA than those from skin. Key structural differences which reduced PA adsorption in skin cell walls by comparison with flesh cell walls were endogenously higher concentrations of insoluble PA, Klason lignin and lower cell wall-bound protein. These differences may confer reduced flexibility and porosity of skin cell walls relative to flesh cell walls. Analysis of skin and flesh cell wall properties revealed that the onset of ripening was associated with a loss of type I arabinogalactan and galacturonic acid, which indicated a degradation of pectin within the cell wall. Flesh cell walls consistently bound PAs of larger molecular mass and changes in PA adsorption properties after the onset of ripening were minor. For skin cell walls, adsorption of PA was lowest immediately following solubilization of galacturonic acid, and high molecular mass PAs were poorly bound. As ripening progressed PAs of higher molecular mass were selectively adsorbed by skin cell walls, which indicates that ongoing cell wall remodeling during ripening may confer an increased porosity within the skin cell wall matrix, resulting in a greater adsorption of PA within a permeable structure.
Authors:
Keren A Bindon; Antony Bacic; James Austin Kennedy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5118     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Agric. Food Chem.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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