Document Detail

Tissue Engineered Tubular Construct for Urinary Diversion in a Preclinical Porcine Model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22704444     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: The ileal conduit has been considered the gold standard urinary diversion for patients with bladder cancer and pediatric patients. Complications are mainly related to the use of gastrointestinal tissue. Tissue engineering may be the technical platform on which to develop alternatives to gastrointestinal tissue. We developed a collagen-polymer conduit and evaluated its applicability for urinary diversion in pigs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tubular constructs 12 cm long and 15 mm in diameter were prepared from bovine type I collagen and Vypro® II synthetic polymer mesh. Characterized tubes were sterilized, seeded with and without primary porcine bladder urothelial cells, and implanted as an incontinent urostomy using the right ureter in 10 female Landrace pigs. At 1 month the newly formed tissue structure was functionally and microscopically evaluated by loopogram and immunohistochemistry, respectively. RESULTS: The survival rate was 80% with 1 related and 1 unrelated death. By 1 month the collagen was resorbed and a retroperitoneal tunnel had formed that withstood 40 cm H(2)O water pressure. In 5 cases the tunnel functioned as a urostomy. Histological analysis revealed a moderate immune response, neovascularization and urothelial cells in the construct lumen. The polymer mesh provoked fibroblast deposition and tissue contraction. No major differences were observed between cellular and acellular constructs. CONCLUSIONS: After implanting the tubular constructs a retroperitoneal tunnel was formed that functioned as a urinary conduit in most cases. Improved large tubular scaffolds may generate alternatives to gastrointestinal tissue for urinary diversion.
Paul Geutjes; Luc Roelofs; Henk Hoogenkamp; Mariëlle Walraven; Barbara Kortmann; Robert de Gier; Fawzy Farag; Dorien Tiemessen; Marije Sloff; Egbert Oosterwijk; Toin van Kuppevelt; Willeke Daamen; Wout Feitz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of urology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1527-3792     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376374     Medline TA:  J Urol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Urology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen.
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